Appointments: (02) 6251 1444
16-18 Purdue St, Belconnen, ACT
(Parking via Gillott Street)
Mon - Fri: 8:30am - 5:30pm
Saturday: 8:30am - 1:00pm
BOOK ONLINE NOW!

Canberra Cat Vet Blog

Kidney failure

Thursday, August 07, 2014

 

 

Signs of kidney failure don’t appear until at least 70% of kidney function is lost. The kidneys remove waste products from the blood stream, regulate fluid and electrolyte balance, maintain the acid-base balance of the body and remove toxins and drugs. They also help maintain blood pressure and stimulate blood cell production.


Kidney damage accumulates for years before we see any signs. Even then the early signs of kidney failure - increased thirst and urine production - are not easy to pinpoint in our feline friends.

 

You may notice an increasingly wet litter tray if your cat is only indoors. However if you have other cats you may not pick up increased urine production in a particular cat.

 

Cats often drink from multiple water sources making it difficult to recognise increased consumption. 

 

Other signs of kidney failure such as weight loss and poor coat quality are even more insidious.

 

Sometimes the first thing we see is a cat off her food, vomiting, depressed and dehydrated. The kidneys are already badly affected by this stage.

 

We diagnose and stage kidney failure with blood tests for the two waste products, urea and creatinine and a urine analysis to measure the kidneys ability to concentrate urine. We also check the urine for protein loss or a urinary tract infection.

 

Tests for other substances like potassium, phosphorus and calcium as well as blood cell counts help us decide on the best course of treatment.

 

Annual blood and urine tests, as well as regular body weight checks, help pick kidney failure up as early as possible. If urine concentrating ability is deteriorating, your cat is losing weight or the creatinine is trending up we slow the progression of the disease with a special kidney protective diet. Many cats in the early stages of kidney disease live for years on the right diet and with regular checks.


Search Blog

Recent Posts


Tags

blockage kibble cystitis sense of smell paralysed bite best vet hole best cat clinic snakes cat history jumping dymadon holes in teeth kitten deaths hunter nose scabs pain killer attack massage litter box face rub blood pressure hard faeces toxins best veterinarian computer aerokat ulcers worms hunched over introduction in season blue birthday bad breath cat containment home restless cta fight on heat kidney flea prevention desexing snuffle panadol stress visit mass anaemia open day scratching love feliway training FIV not eating cat worms snake bite lily ulcer wool pill diarrhoea sensitive stomach pet cough snuffles fleas insulin vet visit rough play spray paralysis when to go to vet urination xylitol advantage roundworm New Year's Eve blocked cat high blood pressure panleukopenia holes blind inflammatory bowel disease information night gifts ACT panleukopaenia skin tartar blindness toxic fluid pills bladder stones blood marking changed cat enclosures wet litter strange behaviour eye ulcer new kitten stare into space enteritis dementia sore christmas pain relief activity vocal plants heavy breathing skin cancer revolution return home rigid head poisonous virus asthma whiskers anxiety check-up runny eyes moving diuretics constipation painful best clinic paralysis tick cancer depomedrol prednisolone open night weight control breathing difficult scale wobbles cat fight behaviour introductions pancreatitis client night cat dry food pet meat fight intestine dental cat friendly flea treatment pain poisoning kitten AIDS thirsty hospital bed health check sneeze bump senior holiday furballs flu bladder allergy body language FORLS cat vet pheromone straining heart disease cranky obesity vomiting urine fireworks annual check hyperactive eye infection echocardiography introducing furball hyperthyroidism calicivirus brown snake aggression lick scratch old cat fat urinating outside litter salivation tumour new year tablet comfortis head cat behaviour signs of pain runny nose mental health of cats lame cognitive dysfunction hunters sun string breeder stiff rolls adipokines panamax arthritis competition off food weight loss enemies hearing castration lilies drinking more antibiotics tradesmen litter aspirin cage mycoplasma Hill's Metabolic drinking a lot unwell vaccination nails unsociable snakebite hypertrophic cardiomyopathy euthanasia poison teeth liver scratching post renal disease abscess,cat fight sick petting cat herpesvirus dental check free dilated pupils cat enclosure spraying ulcerated nose cryptococcosis sick cat lump pet insurance vomit sucking wool fabric cat flu rub vision change sudden blindness hunting radioactive iodine senses hypertension train foreign body overweight cortisone feline AIDS indoor cats carrier socialisation heaing abscess decision to euthanase diabetes physical activity checkup pred odour feline herpesvirus worming permethrin tapeworm seizures photo competition paracetamol lilly urinating hungry mouth breathing dental treatment headache allergy, grooming feline enteritis hairball obese kidneys conflict desex appetite food puzzles microchip poisonous plants appointment snake weight prey award meows a lot sensitive Canberra skinny hiding ribbon urine spraying pica kitten play vaccine African wild cat blood in urine polish antiviral kittens groom crytococcosus tooth snot fever rash spey kidney disease eyes exercise slow old poisons eye corneal ulcer learning biopsy chlamydia twitching tick sore eyes mince yowling panadeine fits sore ears noisy breathing touch thyroid gasping collapse IBD urinating on curtains or carpet fear goodbye plaque aggressive holidays diet itchy catoberfest grass behaviour change blood test lymphoma introduce thiamine deficiency new cat Canberra Cat Vet opening hours

Archive

A calm, quiet haven for cats and their carers staffed by experienced, cat loving vets and nurses.

Canberra Cat Vet 16-18 Purdue St Belconnen ACT 2617 (parking off Gillott Street) Phone: (02) 6251-1444

Get Directions