Appointments: (02) 6251 1444
16-18 Purdue St, Belconnen, ACT
(Parking via Gillott Street)
Mon - Fri: 8:30am - 5:30pm
Saturday: 8:30am - 1:00pm

Canberra Cat Vet Blog

Cat fights

Tuesday, June 10, 2014

Cats typically have a hate-hate relationship with any strange cat in their presence, yard, or environment.

When new cats meet, they fluff up, spit, hiss – more like scream! – and the fur soon goes flying. While the brawl may only last a few seconds, that’s enough time for a few diseases to jump bodies.

Feline leukemia (FeLV), feline immunodeficiency virus or cat AIDS (FIV), infectious peritonitis (FIP), or nasty bacterial infections are transmitted from cat to cat in saliva.

Outside cats, particularly unneutered males, love to fight. Most times they will end up with a nasty abscess. An abscess is a pocket of pus under the skin. It makes a cat very ill because of the bacteria and toxins it releases into the bloodstream. He is feverish, goes off his food, hides and sleeps a lot. Treatment for abscesses involves a general anaesthesia, clipping and cleaning the skin, lancing the abscess and flushing all the pus out, placing a drain to allow any new pus to empty, antibiotics and pain relief. Some cats are so sick they need hospitalisation and intravenous fluids for a night or two.

How do we avoid all this??

  • Desex your cat if he is still entire.
  • Keep him indoors, particularly in the evenings and at night when the brawling usually happens.
  • Keep other cats off your property. A dog on patrol will soon despatch an intruder. Otherwise keep an eye out for a few evenings and frighten strays off with a loud noise.
  • Catch the infection as soon as possible. If your cat has been in a fight bring him immediately for an antibiotic shot to discourage the abscess from forming.
  • Vaccinate your cat against FIV, Feline AIDS. There are three shots in the initial course. A booster at the annual checkup and vaccine review prevents the virus gaining a toe hold.  

Feline FIV and AIDS

Thursday, May 29, 2014

Australia has one of the highest prevalences of FIV (Feline Immunodeficiency Virus) in the world BUT testing positive for FIV is not the same as having the disease feline AIDS.

Feline AIDS describes the terminal stages of disease which may not occur for many years – or at all! A positive FIV test means that your cat has been infected by the virus.

 Are my family at risk?No. Although FIV belongs to the same family of viruses as HIV in people, it only infects cats. There is no risk of cross infection of either virus between species.

 Are other cats in the household likely to be infected?

 The virus is shed in the saliva of infected cats and spread by biting. Cats with a history of cat bite abscesses are more likely to test positive for FIV. Spread between cats in a household is unlikely unless they fight. Normal social interactions such as grooming rarely transmit FIV. The best way to minimise the chances of FIV infection is to confine uninfected cats indoors away from aggressive cats.  How is FIV diagnosed?

FIV is diagnosed with a blood test at the surgery which detects an immune response (antibodies) to the virus. If this test is positive your cat is infected. Kittens with immunity passed on from their mother may test positive until 4 months of age. If a young kitten tests positive we retest them at six months of age. Will my cat recover?

Once a cat is infected with the virus it remains infected for the rest of its life but not all infected cats  become ill.  What diseases does FIV cause?

Like HIV, FIV suppresses the body’s defences so that the cat is vulnerable to diseases it would normally  defeat. The cat is vulnerable to chronic or recurrent infections that fail to respond to regular treatment. These include:
  1. Inflammation of the mouth and tongue leading to appetite loss, drooling and mouth pain
  2. Weight loss
  3. Poor appetite
  4. Fever
  5. Signs of brain dysfunction such as aggression, unequal pupils, convulsions and behavioural changes
  6. Swollen lymph glands
  7. Unusual infections like toxoplasmosis, cryptococcosis, chronic flu, pneumonia, skin disease
  8. Tumours especially those of the lymph system
The non specific signs of weight loss, poor appetite and fever occur in many diseases of cats and are usually unrelated to FIV. Cats with FIV are more likely to suffer from these signs and diseases more often and  be less able to throw them off even with treatment. FIV positive cats have a shorter life expectancy on average than FIV negative cats. Is there any treatment?

Secondary infections with bacteria or fungi are treated with antibiotics and anti-fungals but no specific treatment for the virus is available. Trials with anti-HIV drugs such as AZT have reduced mouth inflammation in affected cats but the cost and availability of AZT makes its use in general practice difficult at present. Anti-inflammatory treatment reduces mouth inflammation and peps up the appetite in many cats. Should I have my cat euthanased?

Certainly not on the basis of a positive FIV test!  Like humans with HIV, cats with FIV appear healthy and happy for a long time before getting sick. On the other hand if your cat has succumbed to multiple infections, is no longer responsive to treatment or is suffering from a chronically painful mouth then euthanasia is the kindest solution. How can I help my cat?

 Confinement indoors of an FIV positive cat  reduces the risk of infection with other agents. It also reduces the risk of transmission of the virus to other cats. A good quality, highly palatable diet as well as worming every 3 months and at least annual health checks will enhance the disease free period. Infections especially abscesses require prompt and aggressive treatment. How do we prevent FIV infection?  Desexing and confinement indoors, especially at night, reduces fighting and therefore the risk of infection. We recommend vaccination with FIV vaccine for all cats with access to the outdoors. Cats older than 6 months of age are tested for FIV before the first vaccination. A series of three primary vaccinations is given 2-4 weeks apart and then a booster is given annually.



Search Blog

Recent Posts


sensitive stomach paralysis microchip tablet restless fireworks radioactive iodine salivation kidneys hungry eye infection love paralysis tick odour kittens revolution behaviour change polish holes in teeth hunched over urinating outside litter blood pressure sore whiskers pred hairball plaque blood dry food high blood pressure breeder rash drinking more head feline AIDS overweight poisons computer pain kidney nose scabs decision to euthanase adipokines anaemia worms spray introduction tooth collapse breathing difficult kidney disease blocked cat touch twitching jumping slow bladder aspirin spey lick strange behaviour competition gasping sick cat itchy old cat wool cat containment catoberfest feline enteritis train hunters rub panleukopenia cta fight comfortis sucking wool fabric cryptococcosis urination biopsy plants nails poisonous plants obesity fits kitten deaths holiday home visit hole cat behaviour skinny ACT African wild cat pet meat string bite diabetes gifts new cat cancer aggression cat history permethrin food puzzles hospital vomit spraying yowling wet litter learning arthritis body language sore eyes award mouth breathing Canberra hard faeces appointment sun aerokat hypertrophic cardiomyopathy open day inflammatory bowel disease dymadon skin cancer eyes training vocal feliway snuffles signs of pain scratching post allergy, hyperactive open night moving lily asthma blind cat fight obese xylitol pain killer cystitis diet examination home checkup bed health check change scratch eye seizures pill best clinic meows a lot dental heaing runny nose kitten free joints drinking a lot castration when to go to vet sense of smell rolls cranky photo competition grooming urine groom introductions sensitive herpesvirus FORLS antibiotics best cat clinic client night bump desex hunter fluid pills vet visit teeth christmas holidays eye ulcer grass scale diuretics enemies aggressive desexing panadeine FIV snot poison sick hearing tick hyperthyroidism panamax litter box enteritis flu lilies mental health of cats thirsty marking new year house call anxiety feline herpesvirus new kitten Canberra Cat Vet echocardiography diarrhoea fear unsociable best vet euthanasia rigid head socialisation tartar thiamine deficiency outdoor cat fat litter blue cat pancreatitis pain relief face rub fleas New Year's Eve goodbye AIDS stress fever heart disease on heat tapeworm senior enclosure hypertension furball blindness holes lame hiding opening hours abscess,cat fight pheromone ulcer return home insulin depomedrol paracetamol cortisone cat worms lump crytococcosus corneal ulcer intestine cat enclosure indoor cats paralysed mycoplasma dental check annual check painful thyroid renal disease physical activity bladder stones stare into space blood test hunting sudden blindness senses kibble best veterinarian snakes skin pet mass advantage behaviour noisy breathing panadol vision conflict cat friendly urine spraying tumour snake bite pica urinating introducing flea treatment poisoning roundworm mince changed vaccine rough play chlamydia lymphoma virus worming flea prevention straining snake information night toxins weight check-up weight control discount poisonous birthday cat enclosures liver pet insurance tradesmen unwell calicivirus foreign body kitten play weight loss ulcers allergy prey dental treatment brown snake dementia sneeze antiviral exercise attack carrier fight RSPCA stiff wobbles petting cat ulcerated nose vomiting sore ears activity cat vet massage panleukopaenia appetite IBD Hill's Metabolic scratching cognitive dysfunction prednisolone cough in season heavy breathing dilated pupils furballs constipation urinating on curtains or carpet introduce toxic not eating blockage blood in urine ribbon cage old snuffle snakebite lilly abscess off food vaccination runny eyes visit headache cat flu bad breath


A calm, quiet haven for cats and their carers staffed by experienced, cat loving vets and nurses.

Canberra Cat Vet 16-18 Purdue St Belconnen ACT 2617 (parking off Gillott Street) Phone: (02) 6251-1444

Get Directions