Appointments: (02) 6251 1444
16-18 Purdue St, Belconnen, ACT
(Parking via Gillott Street)
Mon - Fri: 8:30am - 5:30pm
Saturday: 8:30am - 1:00pm
BOOK ONLINE NOW!

Canberra Cat Vet Blog

Snotty nose cats

Saturday, May 31, 2014

                                                                                                                                                                  Snotty-nosed and snuffly cats are difficult to live with.Their owners put up with sneezes and snot all over the house, as well as snuffles and grumbles all day and half the night.

The causes of sinusitis and rhinosinusitis are also difficult for vets to diagnose accurately and even more difficult to treat effectively.

Inflammation and infection spread rapidly from cats’ throats to adjacent structures, such as the middle ear, frontal sinuses, nose and tympanic bullae. These cavities are difficult to reach with medical or surgical treatments.

Feline mucus is also thicker than human mucus and medication has a hard time penetrating the mucus to get to the offending microbes.

Feline Herpesvirus is the most common initiating cause of chronic rhinitis and rhinosinusitis. It causes chronic airway inflammation and swelling, destroys the normal lining of the nasal cavity and upsets the normal mucus layers. The nasal cavity cannot remove foreign particles or the abnormal mucus and the sinuses become blocked. Bacteria leap in and set up infections making the situation even worse.

Drugs to reduce the mucus and the swelling in the sinuses help a bit. We treat the bacterial infection with antibiotics but are still left with Herpesvirus and all the damage it does. Herpesvirus sinusitis soon flares up into full blown bacterial sinusitis again. Some cats respond well to antiviral drugs but others keep getting intermittent sinusitis.

Nastier causes of similar signs are Cryptococcosis, a fungal disease, and cancer, commonly lymphoma, adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. These are difficult to distinguish on X-ray but CT or MRI are very helpful, if they are available. A biopsy clears up any doubts. A blood test is available for Cryptococcosis.

Bad teeth and infected tooth roots sometimes make cats snuffly. A dental inspection and X-ray under general anaesthetic allow targeted and successful treatment.

Occasionally a cat breathes in a grass seed or other foreign body. Usually nasal discharge is from one side only and there is some bleeding.

 


Search Blog

Recent Posts


Tags

scratching fits African wild cat petting cat fluid pills wool dental massage paralysed goodbye constipation tick on heat kidney AIDS Canberra Cat Vet paralysis tick teeth exercise blockage paralysis vision worming hunter spraying lump best vet cat containment change revolution rigid head hiding tooth touch check-up stare into space diabetes grass scratching post aspirin hyperthyroidism restless urination pet physical activity dry food herpesvirus kittens diarrhoea pet meat pill thiamine deficiency scale sucking wool fabric breeder ulcer fleas old cat lily hole introduction toxic appointment kidney disease hypertrophic cardiomyopathy roundworm ribbon fever pet insurance panadeine hearing bite aerokat holidays cat history vaccination enclosure runny nose rub pain relief unwell rough play cranky cat poisonous grooming hyperactive opening hours rash calicivirus kibble bed annual check poisoning blood in urine urinating outside litter virus snot training intestine vet visit hypertension photo competition cat fight antibiotics painful eyes mince bladder tumour best clinic salivation wobbles vaccine Hill's Metabolic litter box allergy, gasping pica anaemia examination mass abscess feline enteritis introduce kitten deaths lilies weight control new cat spey blue Canberra tartar cognitive dysfunction eye renal disease snuffle fat hairball behaviour change conflict urine spraying open day enemies blood pressure pain killer home snakebite crytococcosus plaque panamax lymphoma radioactive iodine blood behaviour string nails vomit litter joints New Year's Eve signs of pain toxins skin fight desex prednisolone pain castration holiday polish appetite unsociable best veterinarian new year in season nose scabs thirsty heavy breathing biopsy snakes enteritis poisonous plants home visit advantage tablet jumping cat enclosures dilated pupils checkup odour birthday rolls train mouth breathing socialisation obesity stress sense of smell weight twitching diet arthritis off food breathing difficult high blood pressure sore eyes attack dementia activity information night house call open night cystitis cta fight outdoor cat seizures hospital decision to euthanase prey comfortis kidneys cat friendly vomiting anxiety health check computer scratch foreign body vocal sore ears sick poison strange behaviour flu not eating meows a lot best cat clinic microchip skinny feline AIDS furballs lick aggressive dymadon wet litter christmas feliway panleukopenia depomedrol slow sore gifts cancer antiviral asthma competition ulcerated nose panadol dental treatment drinking more mycoplasma senior brown snake sneeze cryptococcosis pred introductions flea treatment urinating sensitive snake bite itchy thyroid cat behaviour holes ulcers xylitol urinating on curtains or carpet eye infection whiskers return home free diuretics cat flu hard faeces insulin body language heaing cortisone skin cancer eye ulcer hunters cat enclosure cat worms aggression stiff FIV groom hungry echocardiography panleukopaenia corneal ulcer blood test lilly FORLS urine worms indoor cats chlamydia pheromone mental health of cats permethrin bump liver food puzzles client night lame blocked cat fireworks heart disease hunched over drinking a lot changed overweight runny eyes love kitten play desexing pancreatitis flea prevention hunting feline herpesvirus holes in teeth snake catoberfest fear adipokines cat vet abscess,cat fight introducing IBD kitten blind old spray tradesmen ACT plants weight loss snuffles blindness marking sensitive stomach paracetamol straining senses learning yowling noisy breathing dental check furball when to go to vet visit bladder stones inflammatory bowel disease poisons collapse carrier obese sun head allergy cough sick cat new kitten cage moving sudden blindness tapeworm euthanasia bad breath headache face rub award

Archive

A calm, quiet haven for cats and their carers staffed by experienced, cat loving vets and nurses.

Canberra Cat Vet 16-18 Purdue St Belconnen ACT 2617 (parking off Gillott Street) Phone: (02) 6251-1444

Get Directions