Appointments: (02) 6251 1444
16-18 Purdue St, Belconnen, ACT
(Parking via Gillott Street)
Mon - Fri: 8:30am - 5:30pm
Saturday: 8:30am - 1:00pm
BOOK ONLINE NOW!

Canberra Cat Vet Blog

Snotty nose cats

Saturday, May 31, 2014

                                                                                                                                                                  Snotty-nosed and snuffly cats are difficult to live with.Their owners put up with sneezes and snot all over the house, as well as snuffles and grumbles all day and half the night.

The causes of sinusitis and rhinosinusitis are also difficult for vets to diagnose accurately and even more difficult to treat effectively.

Inflammation and infection spread rapidly from cats’ throats to adjacent structures, such as the middle ear, frontal sinuses, nose and tympanic bullae. These cavities are difficult to reach with medical or surgical treatments.

Feline mucus is also thicker than human mucus and medication has a hard time penetrating the mucus to get to the offending microbes.

Feline Herpesvirus is the most common initiating cause of chronic rhinitis and rhinosinusitis. It causes chronic airway inflammation and swelling, destroys the normal lining of the nasal cavity and upsets the normal mucus layers. The nasal cavity cannot remove foreign particles or the abnormal mucus and the sinuses become blocked. Bacteria leap in and set up infections making the situation even worse.

Drugs to reduce the mucus and the swelling in the sinuses help a bit. We treat the bacterial infection with antibiotics but are still left with Herpesvirus and all the damage it does. Herpesvirus sinusitis soon flares up into full blown bacterial sinusitis again. Some cats respond well to antiviral drugs but others keep getting intermittent sinusitis.

Nastier causes of similar signs are Cryptococcosis, a fungal disease, and cancer, commonly lymphoma, adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. These are difficult to distinguish on X-ray but CT or MRI are very helpful, if they are available. A biopsy clears up any doubts. A blood test is available for Cryptococcosis.

Bad teeth and infected tooth roots sometimes make cats snuffly. A dental inspection and X-ray under general anaesthetic allow targeted and successful treatment.

Occasionally a cat breathes in a grass seed or other foreign body. Usually nasal discharge is from one side only and there is some bleeding.

 


Search Blog

Recent Posts


Tags

high blood pressure sensitive African wild cat tapeworm catoberfest flu home visit sensitive stomach christmas stare into space computer RSPCA bump permethrin not eating new year joints straining ulcers hairball spraying restless blood corneal ulcer award best veterinarian xylitol check-up rolls sick pred FORLS vomit wool mental health of cats appetite fireworks worms pain relief competition panadol touch decision to euthanase old sore eyes snuffle senses tradesmen information night food puzzles dental treatment hungry heavy breathing snuffles poisonous plants attack fleas hiding cryptococcosis hunter runny nose behaviour urine eyes string nails diet slow comfortis lilies groom poisons new kitten kitten play hyperactive brown snake vet visit toxins castration kitten cat fight changed spey signs of pain eye ulcer blue rub feliway old cat feline herpesvirus dental gasping teeth skin cancer best clinic mouth breathing fear examination physical activity prednisolone eye Canberra checkup house call in season cat enclosures vomiting cat containment desexing carrier aggression arthritis conflict paracetamol urination kidney cognitive dysfunction snot furball grooming cough eye infection scale ribbon cat friendly lame snakebite urinating outside litter fight enemies diabetes FIV roundworm feline enteritis snakes skinny aspirin herpesvirus litter box change gifts appointment hypertension weight loss pain indoor cats foreign body paralysed grass sun outdoor cat cta fight insulin panamax liver when to go to vet hospital dental check blindness rash IBD cortisone advantage drinking a lot hunters paralysis tick open night hole hunting bad breath sick cat bladder cat worms meows a lot pancreatitis hard faeces free weight control AIDS holiday off food pet learning obesity body language breathing difficult whiskers love urinating on curtains or carpet marking cat behaviour plaque tick panleukopaenia dementia inflammatory bowel disease collapse obese behaviour change ulcer wet litter euthanasia paralysis biopsy introductions yowling on heat toxic desex ACT vision weight blockage best vet hyperthyroidism exercise cage sore ears hunched over blood in urine polish crytococcosus bite vocal hearing abscess fluid pills holes in teeth new cat introduction blind anxiety cat enclosure annual check introducing holes mycoplasma New Year's Eve blocked cat petting cat dry food renal disease allergy, Canberra Cat Vet pica echocardiography twitching head radioactive iodine socialisation senior unsociable headache salivation thirsty sense of smell wobbles poison lump blood pressure pain killer abscess,cat fight cystitis bed runny eyes moving plants cat history pet insurance flea prevention nose scabs intestine noisy breathing urine spraying microchip kidney disease mince dymadon goodbye photo competition asthma lily ulcerated nose tooth training cat vet antiviral litter kidneys diarrhoea enclosure calicivirus aggressive massage dilated pupils pheromone adipokines prey vaccine feline AIDS anaemia panleukopenia discount thiamine deficiency spray rough play sudden blindness mass poisoning vaccination strange behaviour urinating cat aerokat visit blood test home antibiotics cancer face rub sore furballs depomedrol lilly poisonous snake bite cranky skin scratching seizures rigid head lick overweight unwell opening hours stress thyroid lymphoma Hill's Metabolic drinking more painful train flea treatment heaing constipation diuretics fever fat kitten deaths client night tablet pet meat holidays activity stiff hypertrophic cardiomyopathy health check fits allergy birthday open day tumour tartar best cat clinic revolution itchy scratch pill panadeine enteritis snake kittens virus cat flu introduce heart disease chlamydia jumping bladder stones breeder scratching post odour sneeze return home kibble sucking wool fabric worming

Archive

A calm, quiet haven for cats and their carers staffed by experienced, cat loving vets and nurses.

Canberra Cat Vet 16-18 Purdue St Belconnen ACT 2617 (parking off Gillott Street) Phone: (02) 6251-1444

Get Directions